MODERN REQUIREMENTS FOR ECOLOGICAL TRAINING OF MARINE SPECIALISTS IN INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER MARINE EDUCATION IN UKRAINE: REALITY AND PROSPECTS
Sea and river transport is international branch and the most important for the transport industry, but it is also the most dangerous, which is associated with a significant risk to the health of seafarers, when transporting dangerous goods, as well as with a high probability of causing significant damage to the environment. According to the conducted researches, seawater pollution in certain water areas of the coastal strip exceeds the maximum permissible concentrations of oil products, phosphorus, and phenols by an average of five times, which causes the death of animals and plants. A careful study of the causes specifies the impact of the quality of training and retraining of sailors on the preservation of the surrounding marine and river environment.
Keywords: ecological danger, maritime education of Ukraine, ecological awareness of a specialist.