Nexus between Gender Inequalities and Employment in Nigeria

In most developing countries of the world, majority of their socio-economic challenges are somewhat linked to unemployment. It is believed that in Nigeria is caused by poor governance, corruption, and many more. Moreover, the problem of gender inequality is an issue that is hypothetically figured out to be responsible for docile employment chances in the developing countries. Despite the eagerness to resolve it, this problem still linger on.  The main objective of the study therefore is to investigate the problem of gender inequality and employment in Nigeria, specifically decent employment. Two sectors were investigated to ascertain the gravity of this inequality in the country.  The political and academic sectors were investigated in addition to the Nigeria economy as a whole. A survey of six universities was done as well as the three elections from 2003 to 2011. Tabulations of the data as well as multiple bar graphs were used to investigate the inequalities.  The findings revealed that women are marginalized in many decent works, while they are limited to trading and farming which they usually do in the informal sector. The factors responsible for such inequality include the educational strategy of the country, legacy of the colonial period, and the patriarchal nature of the country as well as the types of jobs as some jobs has been identified as women. It has been recommended that more women should be educated and encouraged to come out for elective positions

Keywords: Employment, Gender inequality, decent work, sex, gender