Evaluating the Suitability of Human Settlements Using Big Data and GIS in Jieyang City, China

This study aims to reveal the spatial pattern of the suitability of the human settlement environment in Jieyang City. The method applies big data of resource elements such as land cover, meteorology, hydrology, and economy, combined with Geographic Information System (GIS) technology, for analyzing the overall distribution of suitability by combining the Human Settlement Environment Index (HEI) of different areas, an evaluation model, location conditions, socio-economic development, and other relevant data. The results show that the whole study region belongs to suitable, but the regional spatial difference is real. The value of the natural index of the human settlement environment is between 24.49 and 72.63. The distribution of suitability is mainly related to ground cover exponential, hydrological suitability, climate suitability, and social and economic factors.

Keywords: Geographical Information System (GIS), Suitability of human settlements, Human Settlements Environment Index (HEI), Big Data, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)