ANCIENT CIVILIZATION MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: THE CASE OF ANCIENT EGYPTIANS AND THE HEBREWS
Though existed for as long as the man worked the earth, management, as we know it today, came to the limelight in the 1900s and had since garnered respect and prominence both in the secular and academic world. Currently, management had become a significant academic discipline and indispensable to all works of life. Although the concept is relatively recent the practices of management had been around for ages, this article, therefore, traced contemporary management practices and principles to ancient civilizations using the Egyptians and the Hebrews. The study showed through extant literature that some contemporary practices in management had their roots in the ancient Egypt and Hebrew civilizations. The article revealed through the review of existing literature that principles such as span of control, bureaucracy, supervision, organization structure, etc. were common practices among the Egyptians and Hebrews.
Keywords: ancient civilization, management, Egypt, Hebrews, bureaucracy, control