Differentiated Instruction in China: A Systematic Review From 2012–2022

Differentiated instruction, a departure from the traditional “one-size-fits-all” approach, tailors teaching to students’ diverse needs based on abilities, interests, and characteristics. Widely practiced in China since 2012, it aligns with the educational concept of “teaching students according to their aptitude” and is a focal point in Chinese education research. This study reviews a decade of academic works, analyzing 1689 papers using CiteSpace software. Findings reveal research hotspots, emphasizing changes in instructional strategies, measures promoting core literacy, and the pivotal role of information technology. The study offers insights into the evolution of differentiated instruction research in China, serving as a guide for future directions amid the country’s educational reforms.

Keywords: differentiated instruction; CiteSpace; education reform; research hotspots