International regulation of autonomous weapons

The problem of international regulation of autonomous weapons is very complex, so the researcher in this study dealt with the concept of autonomous weapons, their characteristics and the most important thing that distinguishes them from the human combatant.  Then the researcher discussed the issue of the extent to which autonomous weapons apply the principles of international humanitarian law, and indicated the most important restrictions of international humanitarian law to which autonomous weapons must be subject .At the end of the study, the researcher dealt with the dilemma of the criminally responsible before the international criminal judiciary for the violations committed by the autonomous weapons. The researcher recommends the need to maintain the operation of autonomous weapons, provided that the final decision related to targeting remains in the hands of the human element.  It is also possible to grant complete independence to autonomous weapons with humanitarian and defensive military missions, such as missile defense systems, And robots that provide medical service or even those robots that contribute to providing military and food supplies during military operations,  The researcher also recommends the need for concerted international efforts to develop an international treaty that regulates the work of autonomous weapons in a way that does not contradict the provisions of international humanitarian law and international human rights law.

Keywords: autonomous weapons, international humanitarian law, artificial intelligence, international human rights law.