THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF MANGGARAI SOCIETY REGARDING STATUS DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MALE AND FEMALE
This study describes the conceptualization of Manggarai society regarding status differences between male and female in view of cultural linguistics as one of the new theoretical perspectives in cognitive linguistics exploring the relationship of language, culture, and conceptualization. Along with its aim, the study is descriptive as it describes status differences between male and female in Manggarai language based on the conceptualization ascribed in the cognitive map of Manggarai society. The results of study show that the conceptualization of Manggarai society regarding status differences between male and female is reflected in the term ata one ‘inside person’ as the label for a male and the term ata pe’ang ‘outside person’ as the label for a female. The terms designate the conceptualization of Manggarai society regarding the differences of status between male and female in the social structure of wa’u as a patrilineal-genealogic clan on the basis of their sexual differences. The term ata one means that a male is the owner of clan as he lives in his natal village after marriage and, as such, he has privilege of having inheritances from his parents. While the term ata pe’ang means that a female is not the owner of clan as she will become member of her husband’s clan after marriage and, as such, she has no right of having inheritances from her parents. The two terms reveal not only male dominance, identification, and centredness, but also gender differences in linguistic practices in Manggarai language designating the subordination of female.
Key words: conceptualization, Manggarai society, status differences, male, female