Influence of Work-Life Balance on Employee’s Performance in Tanzania Private Health Sector

Purpose: This study was aimed at examining the influence of work-life balance on employees’ performance in private hospitals of Tanzania. The motive behind this study is the increase in employees’ complexity to balance the time an employee spends at work and that he/she spend on personal welfare like family, religious, and social concerns. The study intended to achieve three specific objectives focusing on examining; the effect of supervisory support on employees’ performance, the effect of task autonomy on employee’s performance, and the influence of work schedule flexibility on employee’s performance.

Methodology: Data was collected using structured questionnaire from 113 respondents who were randomly selected from the selected private hospital in Rorya district, Mara region of Tanzania. The categories of respondents include; Doctors, nurses, dentists, laboratory technicians, physicians, and administration. Data were analyzed using linear regression analysis.

Findings: the findings revealed that; supervisory support, task autonomy, and work schedule flexibility significantly and positively influence employees’ performance.  This is to say that, work-life balance has a significant contribution to employee’s performance.

Originality: the study found that although employment life and personal life are separate, factors in one aspect can affect the other. This is in line with spillover theory that underscores the reciprocal relationship between work-related demands and family roles, where excessive work demands can strain family life and vice versa

Keywords – work-life balance, supervisory support, task autonomy, work schedule flexibility, and employee performance.