Climate change effect on forest in Western Himalayas

During the last few decades, forest in western Himalayas is under serious threat to climate change. It has affected not only trees but also the ecosystem and microbiome system. Pests and diseases are depleting our forest cover for which beetles, nematodes, pathogenic fungi are found responsible. Soil strata were also found to alter the complete plant, microclimate as well as macroclimate thus affecting the microbiome system. Climate hot spots were evident resulting in tree mortality in western Himalayas.