The Influences of Psychological Capital and Academic Burnout on Test Anxiety among College Students

Objective To explore the characteristics of psychological capital, academic burnout and test anxiety in college students, and analyze the relationship among the above 3 variables.  Methods Random sampling was used to select seven hundred college students from Guangdong  Province. They were investigated with Chinese Short Version of Psychological Capital Scale (PCS), Academic Burnout Scale (ABS), and Test Anxiety Scale (TAS). Results ⑴ The total scores of PCS, LBS and TAS were (56.17±8.66), (61.04±9.39) and (18.27±6.41), respectively. ⑵ There was a pairwise correlation among the total scores of PCS, ABS and TAS (r=-.567, -.274, .229, all P<0.05). ⑶ The total score of ABS played a partly mediating effect in the relationship between the total scores of PCS and TAS, with the mediation effect accounting for 47.7%. Conclusion Psychological capital not only has a direct role on test anxiety, but also indirectly affect it through academic burnout.

Keywords College Students, Psychological Capital, Academic Burnout, Test Anxiety, Mediating Effect