Research on Comprehensive Development Evaluation of Logistics and Construction of Hub-and-Spoke Logistics Network in Shaanxi Province

As one of the important nodes along the “Belt and Road” and the New Western Land-sea Corridor, Shaanxi Province attaches great importance to further optimizing the logistics network construction of its cities. Based on the logistics-related index data of cities in Shaanxi from 2012 to 2020, this paper analyzes the spatial development level of the logistics industry in the Province with the location Gini coefficient and the location entropy coefficient and comprehensively evaluates the logistics system development level of the cities in the Province with the entropy weight-TOPSIS method, thus deciding the hub cities and spoke cities. Relying on the gravity model and the membership model, this paper also calculates the gravity and membership of the hub cities and spoke cities and constructs the “five-hub-five-spoke” logistics network with Xi’an as the first-level hub, Baoji, Yulin, Xianyang, and Weinan as the second-level hubs, and Yan’an, Tongchuan, and Shannan as spoke cites, providing corresponding suggestions for Shaanxi Province on the New Western Land-sea Corridor construction.

Keywords: Principal component analysis; Gravity model; Logistics network; New Western Land-sea Corridor