The Influences of Adult Attachment and Gender on Mental Health among Medical Undergraduates
Objective To explore the present status of adult attachment and mental health, and analyze the influences of gender and adult attachment style on mental health among medical undergraduates. Methods A stratified random sampling is used to select 855 medical undergraduates from Guangdong Province, China. They are investigated with Experiences in Close Relationships Inventory (ECR) and Symptom Check-List90 (SCL-90). Results ⑴ The scores of attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance are (3.89±0.74) and (3.77±0.55), respectively. There are 30.53%, 12.63%, 15.09% and 41.75% of students with a secure, infatuated, apathetic, and phobic attachment style, respectively. (2) The total score of SCL-90 is (1.87±0.47), and the scores of obsessive-compulsive and interpersonal sensitivity are higher than 2.0, the lower score limit of postive symptom. ⑶ The positive rates of mental problems of students with different genders and attachment styles are significantly different (χ2=107.598 to 303.919, all P<.001). Conclusion The adult attachment and mental health of medical undergraduates need to be improved. Gender and adult attachment style may be two important influencing factors of mental health.
Keywords: Medical Undergraduates, Adult Attachment, Gender, Mental Health, Questionnaire