Container Characteristics and The Presence Of Aedes aegypti Larvae At Islamic Boarding School

Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a disease transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito vector. The main breeding ground for the Aedes aegypti mosquito is the container in or around the house. The presence or absence of Aedes aegypti mosquito larva in a container is influenced by several factors such as the type of container, the location of the container, the condition of the container lid, and the activity of draining the container.

Purpose: This study aims to determine the characteristics of containers and the presence of Aedes aegypti larva in Islamic boarding schools.

Methods: The type of research used is descriptive observational. Sampling was done by total sampling with  population of all basic sanitation facilities and containers in Islamic boarding schools. The number of samples studied were 35 water reservoirs, 32 latrines, 6 sewerages, 12 waste management areas, and 42 containers. This research was conducted at the Darul Arqam Muhammadiyah Gombara Islamic Boarding School from June to July 2022. The research data were processed by univariate analysis.

Results: The results showed that the presence of Aedes aegypti larva were found in the supply of clean water, type containers, namely bath tubs, and as well as in containers located indoors.

Conclusion: The presence of larva is found in the supply of clean water, positive in water reservoir-type containers, and located indoors. It is recommended to cover the landfill, drain the landfill at least once a week, clean toilets and latrines closed sewerages, and use a watertight trash can with a lid.

Keywords: Container, Aedes aegypti, larvae