Paternalistic Leadership and Employees’ Deviant Behavior: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification

Enterprises pay more and more attention to their employees’ management, especially their employees’ management. Based on the theory of social exchange and taking the paternalistic leadership with Chinese characteristics as the breakthrough point, this study investigates the deviant behavior of the financial industry employees in Fujian Province, and takes organizational identity as the intermediary variable. This paper investigates the top ten financial institutions in Fujian Province and returns 487 valid volumes for quantitative analysis using SPSS and AMOS.

The results show that: The subjects of this survey belong to the status quo of low deviant behavior; the benevolence dimension of paternalistic leadership, the moral dimension has a positive impact on organizational identity, and the authority dimension hurts organizational identity; The benevolent dimension of paternalistic leadership has a positive effect on the employee’s deviant behavior, the authoritative leadership has a negative influence on the employee’s deviant behavior, the organizational identity has a negative influence on the employee’s deviant behavior. Moral identity has a negative regulatory effect on the relationship between organizational identity and employee deviant behavior.

Key Words: Paternalistic Leadership; Organizational Identification; Deviant Behavior