The Study of Modality without the Modal Auxiliaries in Modern English Grammar

The article deals with the study of modality without the modal auxiliaries in modern English grammar. In other words, it is devoted to the analysis of the other operators of modality. These operators are some concepts which are used to express modality that is, according to Palmer (2009: 01), a valid cross-language grammatical category that can be the subject of a typological study.  It is a category that is closely associated with tense and aspect in that all three categories are categories of the clause and are generally, but not always, marked within the verbal complex. Thus, there are lots of operators that are used to express this notion of modality. However, the study and analysis of these concepts as well as the distinction and differentiation between them cause many difficulties to learners of English grammar and to speakers who are not English native speakers. That is, this article aims to analyze this notion of modality through the use of some operators in order to shed light on their lack of understanding and try to highlight the differences and similarities between these grammatical concepts.

Key-words: analysis, auxiliary, grammar, modality, operator